Based on the lessons learnt and achievements made in Phase I and II, India has now developed the Third National AIDS Programme Implementation Plan (2007-2012). India is committed to achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Keeping this in view, the primary goal of NACP–III is to halt and reverse the epidemic in India over the next 5 years by integrating programmes for prevention, care, support and treatment.
This will be achieved through a four-pronged strategy:
· Prevent infections through saturation of coverage of high-risk groups with targeted interventions (TIs) and scaled up interventions in the general population.
· Provide greater care, support and treatment to larger number of PLHA.
· Strengthen the infrastructure, systems and human resources in prevention, care, support and treatment programmes at district, state and national levels.
· Strengthen the nationwide Strategic Information Management System.
Guiding principles include the Three Ones, equity, legal, ethical and human rights, PLHA and civil society participation.
The specific objective of the NACP III is to reduce new infections as estimated in year 1 of the programme by:
· Sixty per cent (60%) in high prevalence states so as to obtain the reversal of the epidemic; and
· Forty per cent (40%) in the vulnerable states so as to stabilize the epidemic.